What do meadow voles look like?
Meadow voles are often referred to as meadow mice, field mice, or orchard mice because of where they reside, and their mouse-like appearance. They have a short, stocky body that is brown or black; short, rounded ears that are partially hidden; a short tail; and a blunt nose. Adult meadow voles grow to be about 3 to 5 inches in length, not including their tail. They can weigh between 3/4 and 2-1/2 ounces. An interesting fact about meadow voles is that their front paws have four toes, while their hind paws have five toes.
Where are meadow voles found?
Meadow voles are usually found living outside. They rarely come into homes and other buildings, but when they do happen to stumble inside they come in on the first floor because they are very poor climbers. Meadow voles live in areas where there is cover from thick grass, landscaping, or other vegetation. They also like to nest and live in fields next to lakes, ponds, streams, and swamps. They create the burrows where they live, nest, and store food underneath loose soil, in lawns, under piles of dead organic debris, or under mulch.
What do meadow voles eat?
Meadow voles are mostly active at night and are mainly herbivores. Their diet consists of stems, leaves, roots, flowers, seeds, fruits, grasses, and the bark of trees. Their feeding habits can cause quite a bit of damage to lawns, plants, crops, and trees.
DIY meadow vole prevention and control tips
Preventing meadow voles from choosing your property to live and burrow in is a difficult task, but there are some steps that you can take around your property to help deter them. Remove piles of grass, leaves, and other organic debris from your property. Keep your lawn trimmed short because they love to burrow in tall grasses. Cut back trees and shrubs, and keep landscaping away from your home. Install door sweeps on all exterior doors, and seal cracks found in the foundation of your home.